Why Municipal Bye-Laws are Important for Sustainable Solid Waste Management in Cities

Municipal bye-laws for solid waste management (SWM) constitute an essential regulatory framework that can encompass all aspects of SWM -- from its generation to final disposal, covering collection, transportation, storing, processing, disposal, monitoring and regulations. They also empower local governments to impose penal provisions in case of non-compliance and violation.

The Solid Waste Management (SWM) Rules, 2016 mandate all urban local authorities, village panchayats, census towns and urban agglomerations to frame bye-laws incorporating the provisions of SWM, 2016 within one year from the date of notification and ensure timely implementation. The Rules also say that these local entities should make/amend a bye-law for SWM to be able to provide necessary services to citizens, levy taxes or fines, and collect user fees whenever and wherever deemed necessary.

Thus, a municipal bye-law is the strongest legal instrument at the disposal of local governments to enforce sustainability measures while fulfilling their own responsibilities. But in today’s context, the efficacy of such bye-laws needs to be sharpened to bridge the gap between policy and practice for stopping as much waste as possible from going to landfills.

How can such bye-laws be effectively used to institute sustainable waste management systems? How can they be turned into legal instruments to bridge the gap? What are the interventions that are required? CSE next webinar in the Practitioners Knowledge Building Series aims to discuss and explore answers to all these questions and more – do join our experts for a deep dive into the subject of municipal SWM bye-laws.
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