Types of diabetes mellitus, Type 1 diabetes, Type 2 diabetes, Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes difference

diabetes, types of diabetes, diabetes mellitus, type 1 and type 2 diabetes difference, difference between type 1 and type 2 diabetes, different types of diabetes,

▪ Diabetes (diabetes mellitus) is a chronic, metabolic disease characterized by elevated levels of blood glucose (or blood sugar), which leads over time to serious damage to the heart, blood vessels, eyes, kidneys and nerves. Diabetes (diabetes mellitus) is a major cause of blindness, kidney failure, heart attacks, stroke and lower limb amputation.
▪ Type 1 diabetes is also called insulin-dependent diabetes. It used to be called juvenile-onset diabetes, because it often begins in childhood. Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune condition. Type 2 diabetes used to be called non-insulin-dependent or adult-onset diabetes. But it’s become more common in children and teens over the past 20 years, largely because more young people are overweight or obese. When you have type 2 diabetes, your pancreas usually creates some insulin. But either it’s not enough or your body doesn’t respond to insulin.
▪ Signs and symptoms of diabetes (diabetes mellitus) includes:
- Increased urine output (polyuria)
- Increased thirst (polydipsia)
- Increased hunger (Polyphagia )
- Unexplained weight loss
▪ Insulin is the treatment of choice for type 1 diabetes, because the body responds appropriately to insulin and the problem is a lack of insulin production by the pancreas. Treatment for type 2 is more complicated due to the fact that the body may produce enough insulin but not be able to use this insulin effectively. For many people with prediabetes or early stage type 2, lifestyle modifications may be sufficient to control the problem. These can include regular physical activity, weight loss, and following a healthy diet plan to avoid becoming obese. When lifestyle changes are not enough to control blood sugar levels in people with type 2, medications like metformin, sitagliptin and glipizide may be added.
▪ Prevention of either type of diabetes (diabetes mellitus): There is no known way to prevent type 1 diabetes, and for some people, it might not be possible to prevent the development of type 2. For others, maintaining a healthy weight, getting regular exercise, and a healthy, balanced diet may help prevent or delay the onset of type 2 diabetes and thus preserve health.

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0:00 - Diabetes (diabetes mellitus)
0:28 - Types of Diabetes (diabetes mellitus)
0:39 - Type-1 Diabetes
1:02 - Type-2 Diabetes
1:35 - Causes of type-1 and type-2 diabetes
2:02 - Insulin Resistance (Type-2 Diabetes)
2:20 - Symptoms of type-1 and type-2 diabetes
3:07 - Diagnosis of diabetes (diabetes mellitus)
3:52 - Treatment of diabetes (diabetes mellitus)
4:36 - Medicine for diabetes type-2
4:43 - Prevention and control of diabetes (diabetes mellitus)

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