Insulin Overview Mnemonic for Nursing Pharmacology (NCLEX)

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Insulin is a hormone produced by the pancreas that can also be given as a medication through an injection. Insulin lowers blood glucose, making it important in the treatment of diabetes mellitus. Insulin can also be used to lower potassium levels, so you may also see it used to treat hyperkalemia. Side effects to be aware of include lipohypertrophy and hypoglycemia. Hypoglycemia is most likely to occur at insulin peak times, and if the hypoglycemia becomes severe enough that the patient loses consciousness, glucagon can be given to treat severe hypoglycemia. When administering insulin, be sure to rotate injection sites to avoid lipohypertrophy. Insulin dosages may need to be increased in times of sickness, with use of steroids, and when the body is experiencing stress.

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