Indus Water Treaty and Why there is a need to revisit it?

The Indus basin is shared between four riparian countries – India (39%), Pakistan (47%), Afghanistan (6%) and China (8%). Several structural factors impede cooperation, including the history of conflict and lack of trust between riparians, unwillingness to share sufficient data to support integrated development, and a strong sense of national sovereignty over domestic territory.
Today the Basin is plagued by increasing population, decreasing per capita water availability, agriculture inefficiency, old canal system, surface and ground water pollution, soil pollution, electricity shortage, and interstate conflicts between Indian states. Think tanks such as MRC, with its expertise can guide and support policy makers to identify opportunities and challenges in the Indus water management.
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