Environmental Science | Uttarakhand PSC| Assam PSC |RPSC | ACF | FRO |

Environmental Science coaching for Uttarakhand PSC| Assam PSC |RPSC | ACF | FRO |
ii. Botany
iii. Chemistry
iv. Computer Applications/ Computer Science
v. Engineering
(Agricultural/ Chemical/ Civil/ Computer/ Electrical/ Electronics/ Mechanical)
vi. Environmental Science
vii. Forestry
viii. Geology
ix. Horticulture
x. Mathematics
xi. Physics
xii. Statistics
xiii. Veterinary Science
xiv. Zoology
(The standard of these subjects shall be that of a Bachelor’s Degree)
No candidate shall be allowed to take more than one subject from the following groups:
i. Agriculture, Agricultural Engineering & Veterinary Science.
ii. Chemistry & Chemical Engineering.
iii. Computer Applications/ Computer Science & Computer Engineering.
iv. Electrical Engineering & Electronics Engineering.
v. Mathematics & Statistics.
Unit1: Introduction to Environmental Studies • Multidisciplinary nature of environmental studies; • Scope and importance; • Concept of sustainable development Unit 2: Ecosystems • What is an ecosystem? Structure and function of ecosystem: Energy flow in an ecosystem: food chains, food web and ecological succession. Case studies of the following ecosystems: a) Forest ecosystem b) Grassland ecosystem c) Aquatic ecosystems (ponds, streams, lakes, rivers) d) Mountain ecosystem Unit 3: Natural Resources: Types, Renewable and Non-renewable Resources • Land resources : landuse change; land degradation, soil erosion and desertification • Forest resources: Deforestation: Causes and impacts due to mining, Construction of big dams and their effects on forests and people. • Water resources: Use and over-exploitation of surface and ground water, floods, droughts, conflicts over water (international & inter-state: Indo-China, Indo-Bangladesh, Cauveri disputes) . • Energy resources: Renewable and non-renewable energy sources, use of alternate energy sources, growing energy needs, case studies – coal mining, crude oil extraction. Unit 4: Biodiversity and Conservation • Levels of biological diversity: genetic, species and ecosystem diversity; Biogeographic zones of India; Biodiversity patterns and global biodiversity hot spots • India as a mega-biodiversity nation; Endangered and endemic species of India • Threats to biodiversity: Habitat loss, poaching of wildlife, man- wildlife conflicts, biological invasions; Conservation of biodiversity: In-situ and Ex situ conservation of biodiversity. • Ecosystem and diversity services: Ecological, economic, social, ethical, aesthetic and informational value. Unit 5: Environmental Pollution • Environmental pollution: types, causes, effects and controls; Air, water, soil and noise pollution • Nuclear hazards and human health risks • Solid waste management: Control measures of urban and industrial waste. • Pollution case studies – Bharalu river, Deepor Beel, Kolong river (8 lectures)
Unit 6: Environmental Policies & Practices • Climate change, global warming, ozone layer depletion, acid rain and impacts on human communities and agriculture • Environment Laws: Environment Protection Act; Air (Prevention & Control of Pollution) Act; Water (Prevention and control of pollution) Act; Wildlife Protection Act; Forest Conservation Act. International agreements, policies and treaties; Montreal and Kyoto protocols and Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), CITES. • Nature reserves, tribal populations and rights, and human wildlife conflicts in the context of Assam
Unit 7: Human Communities and the Environment Human population growth: Impacts on environment, human health and welfare. • Resettlement and rehabilitation of project affected persons; case studies. • Disaster management: floods, earthquake, cyclones and landslides • Environmental movements: Chipko, Silent valley, Narmada Bachao, Bishnois of Rajasthan. • Environmental ethics: Role of Indian and other religions and cultures in environmental conservation. • Environmental communication and public awareness, case studies (CNG, electric vehicles, green energy, waste minimization) (9 lectures)
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